Globalization and the Use of Scholarly Knowledge

Scholarly Knowledge

Scholarly Knowledge (KS) is the knowledge that has been gained through disciplined, systematic inquiry. It is different from experiential, craft or religious knowledge because it is based on research and observation and is governed by scientific principles of inference. Although scholars may differ in their research approaches, they must adhere to transparent standards of evidence and methodology. KS is distinct from popular knowledge that can be obtained through a wide variety of sources, including the internet, popular and traditional books, television programs, documentaries, and media reports.

In the field of scholarly communication, a Knowledge Graph (KG) is a representation of relationships between entities in the scholarly domain. It enables various applications such as information retrieval, collaboration, citation analysis and research impact assessment. KGs are mainly constructed through a combination of structured and unstructured data from a wide variety of trusted sources. Among the most popular structured datasets for KS construction are bibliographic records from online databases, research articles, conference abstracts, and disciplinary repositories.

This study is concerned with the use of KS to enhance the understanding and utility of research in a global, multilingual academic environment. Through in-depth interviews, we examined the perceptions of scholars across the global academic community regarding what characteristics define quality KS and how these factors are applied during knowledge production. Using the conceptual framework of Harvey and Green, our results show that the five dimensions they identify (academic standards, standard of competence, service standards, organizational standards, and recognition standards) are relevant to many aspects of scholarly knowledge production.

Our participants identified the importance of transparency, ethical and fair practices, and integrity as defining qualities of quality KS. They also emphasized the importance of collaborating with colleagues across disciplinary and national boundaries. These themes are consistent with the notion that scholarship should be viewed as a public good. However, our participants also noted that they are not always able to practice these values in the real world. For example, a researcher in a developing country stated that she relyes on colleagues from the US to send her journal articles because she does not have access to them locally.

A number of scholarly literatures focus on the development and evaluation of KS. They aim to achieve high accuracy, scalability and expressiveness by using a variety of methods. The majority of these methodologies utilize natural language processing and deep learning techniques to process raw text. They employ methods such as word2vec and neural networks to capture semantic meaning and grammatical structure.

Another approach to achieving accurate and expressive KS is by leveraging the contextual information present in existing structured data resources. For this, the KS is enriched using external knowledge bases such as DBpedia and Wikipedia to provide a rich set of entity-relation relations. These enrichments allow KG to better capture asymmetric and anti-symmetric relations, such as paper_is_part_of/paper_was_written_by. Moreover, multiplicative embedding models are employed to find missing links between entities in the scholarly domain. This allows KG to achieve more accurate results for complex relations such as a paper_is_part_of/paper_was_written_by and author_name_email_address/author_name.

What Is Academic Assistance?

Academic Assistance

Academic Assistance is a term used to describe any type of help or guidance students might need during their college career. This can be anything from tutoring to extra credit opportunities. It is important that students take advantage of the academic assistance offered by their school or professors. It can help them pass their classes and even get a job after graduation.

Academic advising is one of the most popular forms of academic support. This is a service that helps students develop an individualized plan of study, making decisions regarding major selection and course registration and guiding them in their academic pursuits. While it is closely aligned with the academic mission of the institution, it is not directly tied to any formal curriculum and differs from core Academic Affairs services such as tutoring, which is curriculum-specific.

Another form of academic support is student-centered learning, which involves helping students become more independent in their studies and developing critical thinking skills. This can be provided by peer tutoring, group study sessions, or other activities that help students gain a greater understanding of their academic courses. It is also possible for students to receive academic support from their faculty advisors and/or teaching assistants.

There are many different types of academic assistance, and it is essential that students know what is available to them. Many times these services will come into the classroom and give presentations on what they offer, but they are also easily found on a university’s website.

Some schools are required to provide academic support for certain groups of students, such as disabled or non-English speaking students, while others voluntarily create academic support programs to address specific student performance outcomes or trends (e.g., high dropout rates or low grade point averages). Some academic support is needs-based and provides supplemental instruction, practice, and guidance to students who require it in order to succeed in their courses.

Students are often hesitant to seek academic support, but there is a growing body of research that indicates that doing so can significantly improve their grades and overall college experience. A recent study examined the determinants of students’ intentions to use university-based academic support services. It found that participants’ perceptions of social norms, specifically the beliefs that their referents approve of the behavior and that they are likely to engage in it themselves, are important predictors of their intention to use academic support services.

The findings from this study suggest that colleges should develop information campaigns emphasizing social norms in support of their academic support efforts, particularly among the most influential social referents, such as family members, friends, and peers. Moreover, they should emphasize the positive effects of academic support, such as improving student grades and their ability to think critically. This can be done by promoting the availability of these services and/or using persuasive strategies, such as messages that highlight how common it is for people to seek help when they need it.

Cardiac Muscular Recovery

Cardiomuscular recovery refers to the speed at which your heart returns to resting rate following exercise. The quicker your heart is able to return to its normal pace, the better your aerobic conditioning and overall heart health. Measuring your heart rate during exercise and then again one minute after your workout is completed provides a good insight into your cardiovascular fitness and heart health. URL :

How long does it take for your cardiovascular system to recover?

Heart rate recovery is a simple measurement that can be taken by measuring your pulse with either the index and middle finger on the outside of your wrist or by placing the other two fingers on the radial artery in the inside of your arm. Take your pulse for a minute, then subtract your peak heart rate during your workout from the recovery heart rate to determine how quickly your heart returned to its normal resting pace. The faster this happened, the higher your Cardio Recovery number.

The heart-rate response during exercise and the recovery period are a dynamic state influenced by complex interplay between the sympathetic nervous system (activating the “fight or flight” responses) and the parasympathetic nervous system (deactivating the “rest and digest” activities). Abnormally low Heart Rate Recovery has been shown to be a strong predictor of mortality in one of the most highly cited studies from Cole, Blackstone, Pashkow and Snader.

Cardiac rehabilitation programs are often available in hospitals, but they can also be accessed as part of a community or private program. Typically, a multidisciplinary team will consist of a physician, an exercise physiologist, nurses, occupational and physical therapists and a dietitian. Your rehabilitation team will help you develop an exercise program and provide education on healthy eating habits to support your recovery from a heart attack or other cardiac event.